Anti-Mullerian Hormone Test in Pune
An AMH test measures levels of anti-mullerian hormone, which corresponds to a person’s egg count. Your provider may also use an AMH test to help diagnose an ovarian mass. Although it’s connected to your egg count, it doesn’t predict your fertility. An AMH test is a simple blood test.
What is an AMH test?
An AMH test measures the amount of anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) in your blood. Both men (people assigned male at birth) and women (people assigned female at birth) produce AMH, but healthcare providers frequently use the test in women — mainly to provide a snapshot of a woman’s reproductive health.
What is anti-mullerian hormone (AMH)?
AMH plays a key role in developing a baby’s sex organs while in the womb. AMH levels are higher in male babies, as this prevents them from developing female reproductive organs. Female babies only need a small amount of AMH for their development.
In women, cells inside the follicles of the ovaries produce AMH. Follicles are tiny fluid-filled sacs in the ovary that contain and release eggs.
AMH levels correspond to the number of eggs you have or your ovarian reserve:
- Higher AMH levels mean more eggs and a higher ovarian reserve.
- Lower AMH levels mean fewer eggs and a lower ovarian reserve.
What is a normal AMH level?
AMH levels vary depending on your age. In women, AMH levels start rising during adolescence and peak around 25 years old. After that, AMH levels naturally decline.
Providers measure AMH levels in nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). Experts debate how to define typical AMH levels, but these are general ranges:
- Average: Between 1.0 ng/mL to 3.0 ng/mL.
- Low: Under 1.0 ng/mL.
- Severely low: 0.4 ng/mL.
It’s important to note that because labs use different equipment, your results can vary slightly from lab to lab.
What is a good AMH level for your age?
AMH levels naturally decline with age, so it’s normal to see a lower ovarian reserve in your 30s, 40s and 50s.
For actual numbers, consider these estimates, which are on the lower side of the spectrum for each respective age:
- 25 years old: 3.0 ng/mL.
- 30 years old: 2.5 ng/mL.
- 35 years old: 1.5 ng/ mL.
- 40 years old: 1 ng/mL.
- 45 years old: 0.5 ng/mL.
Higher AMH levels aren’t always a good thing. AMH may be high in some people with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
What is it used for?
An AMH test is often used to check a woman’s ability to produce eggs that can be fertilized for pregnancy. A woman’s ovaries can make thousands of eggs during her childbearing years. The number declines as a woman gets older. AMH levels help show how many potential egg cells a woman has left. This is known as the ovarian reserve.
If a woman’s ovarian reserve is high, she may have a better chance of getting pregnant. She may also be able to wait months or years before trying to get pregnant. If the ovarian reserve is low, it may mean a woman will have trouble getting pregnant, and should not delay very long before trying to have a baby.
AMH tests may also be used to:
- Predict the start of menopause, a time in a woman’s life when her menstrual periods have stopped and she can’t become pregnant anymore. It usually starts when a woman is around 50 years old.
- Find out the reason for early menopause
- Help find out the reason for amenorrhea, the lack of menstruation. It is most often diagnosed in girls who haven’t started menstruating by the age of 15 and in women who have missed several periods.
- Help diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS), a hormonal disorder that is a common cause of female infertility, the inability to get pregnant
- Check infants with genitals that are not clearly identified as male or female
- Monitor women who have certain types of ovarian cancer
How does the AMH test work?
The AMH test is a blood test. A healthcare professional uses a thin needle to take a blood sample from a vein in your arm. The process takes just a few minutes.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. What happens during an AMH test?
A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.
Q. Are there any risks to the test?
There is very little risk to having a blood test. You may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.
Q. Do at-home AMH tests work?
You can easily buy an AMH test in stores or online. At-home AMH tests typically require a finger prick. While home tests are convenient, it’s best to see a specialist to help you interpret the results. Fertility is a complex issue and requires a comprehensive, expert evaluation.