The stool examination R/M (routine microscopy) is an examination of stool sample slide under a routine microscope. This test helps to diagnose conditions affecting the digestive tract which include infections from bacteria, viruses, or parasites.
The Stool examination R/M is done:
- If you have symptoms suggesting disease of the digestive tract such as prolonged diarrhea, pain in the abdomen, loss of appetite, and fever
- If there is a suspicion of parasitic infection in the intestine like the amoeba, giardia,
- To screen for colon cancer by checking the presence of occult (hidden) blood
- To check for poor absorption of nutrients by the digestive tract (malabsorption syndromes)
The stool examination R/M (routine microscopy) is done by taking concentrated sediment of fresh or formalin preserved stool followed by drying the slide to make the specimen dry. It is then fixed with the reagents and stained with different stains. After the staining procedure is completed, the slide is examined under the microscope at different fields to identify protozoan trophozoites and cysts and for confirmation of any other species. Depending upon what species is present, the reporting of the stool slide is made.
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