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ESR Test2022-10-22T09:32:33+00:00
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Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) Test in Pune

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To detect the presence of inflammation caused by one or more conditions such as infections, tumors or autoimmune diseases; to help diagnose and monitor specific conditions such as temporal arteritis, systemic vasculitis, polymyalgia rheumatica, or rheumatoid arthritis.

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate is a test that indirectly measures the degree of inflammation present in the body. The test actually measures the rate of fall (sedimentation) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in a sample of blood that has been placed into a tall, thin, vertical tube. Results are reported as the millimeters of clear fluid (plasma) that are present at the top portion of the tube after one hour.

When a sample of blood is placed in a tube, the red blood cells normally settle out relatively slowly, leaving little clear plasma. The red cells settle at a faster rate in the presence of an increased level of proteins, particularly proteins called acute phase reactants. The level of acute phase reactants such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen increases in the blood in response to inflammation.

Inflammation is part of the body’s immune response. It can be acute, developing rapidly after trauma, injury or infection, for example, or can occur over an extended time (chronic) with conditions such as autoimmune diseases or cancer.

Inflammation can occur over the short term (acute) or over a long period of time (chronic) and can be caused by a variety of conditions and disease. Some examples include:

  • Infections
  • Arthritis
  • Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
Why does ESR increase?2022-12-07T05:59:14+00:00

An increased ESR rate may be due to some infections, including: Bodywide (systemic) infection. Bone infections. Infection of the heart or heart valves.

What is normal ESR for age?2022-12-07T06:02:11+00:00

It rises with age and in anaemia. Calculation of predicted value: men – ESR given by age in years divided by 2. women – ESR given by age in (years+10) divided by 2.

Which factors affect ESR?2022-12-07T06:02:21+00:00

ESR varies greatly with age and sex, and corresponding reference values are proposed. Lifestyle factors (physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption) and common metabolic abnormalities (obesity and related metabolic syndrome) may also influence ESR values.

Why ESR is taken after 1 hour?2022-12-07T06:02:29+00:00

A lab specialist will measure the rate that your red blood cells settle toward the bottom of the tube after 1 hour. If you have a condition that causes inflammation or cell damage, your red blood cells tend to clump together. This makes them heavier, so they settle faster.

What should I do before ESR test?2022-12-07T06:02:52+00:00

There is no special test preparation required for an ESR test. Before the test, make sure to tell your doctor about any drugs or supplements that you take because some medications may affect your results.

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