Protein Test in Pune
A total protein test measures the sum of all types of proteins in the blood. Proteins are fundamental to the functioning of the body. The two main types of proteins found in the blood are albumin and globulins.
Measuring the total protein level as well as the ratio of albumin to globulin can help detect several kinds of health problems, including liver and kidney disease as well as nutritional deficiencies.
The test also compares the amount of albumin in your blood to the amount of globulin. The comparison is called the albumin/globulin (A/G) ratio.
If your total protein levels or A/G ratio results are not normal, it can be a sign of a serious health problem.
Other names: total serum protein, TP albumin/globulin ratio.
Purpose of the test
A total protein test is completed as part of your routine health checkup. It’s one of the tests that make up your comprehensive medical panel (CMP). It may be ordered if you have:
- unexplained weight loss
- edema, which is swelling caused by extra fluid in your tissues
- symptoms of kidney or liver disease
The total protein test measures the total amount of protein in your blood and specifically looks for the amount of albumin and globulin.
This test will also look at the ratio of albumin to globulin in your blood. This is known as the “A/G ratio.”
What do the results mean?
Your results will show whether you have normal, low, or high total protein levels. They will also show if you have a normal, low, or high albumin to globulin (A/G) ratio.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Why do I need a total protein and A/G ratio test?
You may get this test as part of a comprehensive metabolic panel, which is often included in a routine checkup. You may also need this test if you have symptoms that indicate abnormal protein levels. These include:
- Swelling in the feet, ankles, legs, and/or abdomen, which is caused by extra fluid in your tissues
- Unexplained weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes). This is a common symptom of liver disease.
- Blood in the urine, a common symptom of kidney disease
Q. What happens during a total protein and A/G ratio test?
A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.
Q. Are there any risks to this test?
There is very little risk to having a blood test. There may be slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.