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Semen Analysis2022-10-22T09:41:04+00:00

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Semen Analysis Test in Pune

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A complete semen analysis measures the quantity and quality of the fluid released during ejaculation. It evaluates both the liquid portion, called semen or seminal fluid, and the microscopic, moving cells called sperm. It is often used in the evaluation of male infertility. A shorter version of this test checks solely for the presence of sperm in semen a few months after a man has had a vasectomy to determine whether the surgery was successful.

A typical semen analysis measures:

  • Volume of semen
  • Viscosity—consistency or thickness of the semen
  • Sperm count—total number of sperm
  • Sperm concentration (density)—number of sperm per volume of semen
  • Sperm motility—percent able to move as well as how vigorously and straight the sperm move
  • Number or percent of normal and abnormal (defective) sperm in terms of size and shape (morphology)
  • Coagulation and liquefaction—how quickly the semen turns from thick consistency to liquid
  • Fructose—a sugar in semen that gives energy to sperm
  • pH—measures acidity
  • Number of immature sperm
  • Number of white blood cells (cells that indicate infection)

For infertility testing: To give sperm a chance to replenish, abstain from ejaculating for 2 to 5 days before the sample is collected. Longer periods of abstinence may result in a greater volume of semen but decreased sperm motility. You may also be asked to avoid alcohol consumption for a few days before the test as well. Follow any instructions that are provided.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the incubation period for hepatitis B?2022-12-07T05:34:16+00:00

If symptoms occur, they begin an average of 90 days (range: 60–150 days) after exposure to HBV.


Should pregnant people be tested for HBV?2022-12-07T05:26:27+00:00

Yes. Pregnant people should receive HBsAg testing during each pregnancy, and those who are HBsAg-positive should have HBV DNA testing. AASLD recommends that pregnant people who test positive for HBsAg with HBV DNA levels of >200,000 IU/ML be provided antiviral therapy to reduce perinatal HBV transmission .

What is hepatitis B?2022-12-07T05:29:48+00:00

Hepatitis B is the most common serious liver infection in the world. It is a virus that specifically attacks cells in the liver. Globally, there are nearly 300 million people living with chronic hepatitis B. Additionally, it has been estimated that about 2 billion people have been infected with hepatitis B (either acute or chronic). There are other viruses that may attack the liver such as hepatitis A, C, D and E, but each virus is unique. Fortunately, there is a vaccine to prevent new hepatitis B infections and excellent treatments for those that need treatment.

Hepatitis B can result in either an acute or chronic infection. When a person is newly infected, it is called an “acute” infection. If the person continues to test positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) for longer than 6 months, then it is considered a chronic infection. Testing is the only way to know for sure if a person is infected with hepatitis B, and if they have acute or chronic infection.

What do the results mean?2022-12-07T05:31:18+00:00

Your TSH test results can tell you if your thyroid is making too much or too little thyroid. But the test can’t explain why your TSH levels may be too high or too low.

If your test results aren’t normal, your provider will probably order other thyroid blood tests to find out what’s causing your thyroid problem. These blood tests may include:

  • T4 thyroid hormone test
  • T3 thyroid hormone test
  • Thyroid antibodies test to help diagnose an autoimmune thyroid disorder, such as:
    • Graves’ disease, the most common cause of hyperthyroidism
    • Hashimoto’s disease, that the most common cause of hypothyroidism

In certain cases, an abnormal TSH result may be a sign of a pituitary gland problem, but this doesn’t happen often.

Is there anything else I need to know about a TSH test?2022-12-07T05:31:29+00:00

TSH levels may be high or low even when your thyroid gland is healthy. Serious illnesses not related to your thyroid may cause lower TSH levels for a short time. And TSH levels may be higher in people over age 80, even though they don’t have any thyroid problems.

Are there any risks to the test?2022-12-07T05:31:41+00:00

There is very little risk to having a blood test. You may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.

Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?2022-12-07T05:31:57+00:00

You don’t need any special preparations for a TSH blood test. If your health care provider has ordered other blood tests, you may need to fast (not eat or drink) for several hours before the test. Your provider will let you know if there are any special instructions to follow.

What happens during a TSH test?2022-12-07T05:32:07+00:00

A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

Does Beta hCG confirm pregnancy?2022-12-07T05:32:17+00:00

Yes, the Beta hCG test confirms pregnancy. hCG is a hormone secreted by the cells of the placenta.

When the fertilized egg gets attached to the uterine wall, it forms the placenta.

Your doctor will help you understand why your hCG levels are high. It can bolster in finding out an ectopic pregnancy- pregnancy outside the uterus.

How do I prepare for a Beta hCG test?2022-12-07T05:32:27+00:00

There is no specific preparation for the Beta hCG test. You do not even need to fast to take this test. There are two ways to give this test. One is by urine, and the second is by blood. Both of these do not require fasting. Just bear in mind, avoid biotin-rich food items.

Can Beta hCG be done on an empty stomach?2022-12-07T05:33:31+00:00

Yes, you can test it on an empty stomach. Overnight fasting or having no breakfast is unnecessary for testing hCG levels.

Make sure- you do not consume non-vegetarian foods, dry fruits, potatoes, or sweet potatoes 24 hours before the Beta hCG test. These foods contain biotin, which causes false low hCG levels in blood tests.

What is a good Beta hCG level?2022-12-07T05:34:31+00:00

The usual level of Beta hCG hormone found in a non-pregnant woman is < 5 IU/L, in a postmenopausal woman is < 9.5 IU/L, and in a healthy man is < 2 IU/L.

A good Beta hCG level is > 5 IU/L and < 70 IU/L for the first three weeks of the pregnancy.

What happens during the Beta hCG Test?2022-12-07T05:33:42+00:00

You find hCG levels in your blood or urine. A healthcare professional will take a blood or urine sample. To find out the reading of the hCG hormone.

The professional will tie an elastic band around your biceps to make the vein visible to draw out your blood. It is a usual blood testing method.

Why do I need the Beta hCG Test?2022-12-07T05:34:40+00:00

You require a Beta hCG test to know if you are pregnant. Some doctors advise the Beta hCG test to screen the fetus and understand the age of the fetus.

If you are undergoing any fertility treatment, your fertility doctor will order a test just before your period to know if the treatment is successful.

How much does Anomaly Scan Cost in Pune?2022-12-07T05:34:49+00:00

The Charges of an Anomaly Scan in Pune vary from Rs. 1000 to Rs. 4000.

What can I expect from an Anomaly Scan?2022-12-07T05:34:59+00:00

The Anomaly scan will reveal any major physical abnormalities in your baby.

Which week is best for Anomaly Scan?2022-12-07T05:35:10+00:00

The anomaly scan is usually performed between 18 to 22 weeks.

Is anomaly scan important?2022-12-07T05:35:19+00:00

Yes, an Anomaly Scan is very important in Pregnancy.

What is an Anomaly Scan in Pregnancy?2022-12-07T05:35:29+00:00

Anomaly Scan is a mid-pregnancy scan in that: they aim to look for any major physical abnormalities in the baby and in the womb (uterus).

How much does the NT scan cost?2022-12-07T05:37:24+00:00

The Charges of an NT Scan in Pune vary from Rs.600 to Rs.2000.

Which week is best for the NT scan?2022-12-07T05:37:48+00:00

NT Scan is performed in between 11 to 14 weeks the accuracy of nuchal scan is best.

Why NT scan is required?2022-12-07T05:39:29+00:00

The NT scan helps detect the presence of chromosomal defects in the fetus.

Why NT scan is done during pregnancy?2022-12-07T05:39:45+00:00

NT scan can accurately measure the size, shape, and position of your baby. It may also show the presence of chromosomal or birth defects.

What is nuchal translucency(NT)?2022-12-07T05:39:35+00:00

NT is a screening test that helps estimate the risk of Down syndrome and a few other chromosomal conditions. The test measures the amount of fluid in the tissue at the back of your baby’s neck (nuchal translucency). Babies with an increased amount of fluid have an increased chance of having Down syndrome or another chromosomal condition. It is important to note that the test does not detect all cases of Down syndrome or other chromosomal conditions. NT is a prenatal ultrasound measurement of the baby’s translucent area at the back of the neck. The measurement can assist in screening for chromosomal abnormalities including Down syndrome.

Which Ultrasound is best for pregnancy?2022-12-07T05:39:59+00:00

A transvaginal ultrasound may be performed in case it is difficult to produce a clear image during the early stages of pregnancy.

Which scan is best for pregnancy?2022-12-07T05:40:09+00:00

Ultrasound testing is used during pregnancy to check the baby’s development and that everything is okay. Ultrasound scans are a cost-effective way of checking the health of an unborn baby. 

What are the different types of Ultrasounds?2022-12-07T05:41:13+00:00
  • Transabdominal (standard) ultrasound
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Doppler imaging
  • 3D ultrasound
  • 4D ultrasound
  • Fetal echocardiogram
What can an Ultrasound show?2022-12-07T05:41:21+00:00

An ultrasound is a painless test that uses sound waves and a computer screen, instead of needles and X-rays, to get images of your body – it can show how many babies you are carrying and their movements as they grow.

What organs are seen on a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis?2022-12-07T05:41:33+00:00

The organs depicted on a CT scan of the abdomen/pelvis are the appendix, intestines, bladder, ovaries, uterus, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, large intestine.

CT scanning of the abdomen/pelvis is also performed to: Visualize the liverspleenpancreas, and kidney.

What is a pelvic CT scan?2022-10-27T06:39:39+00:00

A CT scan of the pelvis is an x-ray that can be used to create cross-sectional pictures of the area between the hip bones. 

How long does a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis take?2022-12-07T05:41:46+00:00

The abdominal and pelvis CT scan takes about 20 minutes.

Will a CT scan shows a blood clot in the brain?2022-12-07T05:41:56+00:00

Doctors use CT of the head to detect a stroke, which occurs when bleeding or a blood clot blocks the brain’s vessels.

What is involved in a CT scan of the head?2022-12-07T05:42:08+00:00

During a brain CT, the x-ray beams will pass through the patient’s head. These X-ray beams will come back to the computer.

How long does a CT scan of the Head take?2022-12-07T05:43:53+00:00

A CT scan of the head takes 20–30 minutes.

What is the treatment for Mucormycosis?2022-12-07T05:44:05+00:00

Depending on the type of infection, surgery is sometimes required. If your infection doesn’t improve with medication, it may be necessary to remove the infected tissue.

What are the symptoms of Mucormycosis?2022-12-07T05:44:15+00:00

The key symptoms of mucormycosis are fever, cough, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, chest pain, weight loss, and thick sputum production. Symptoms vary, depending on the area of the body affected. Common symptoms include fever.

What is Mucormycosis?2022-12-07T05:44:31+00:00

Mycosis is an infection that is caused due to the fungus Rhizopus oryzae. This infection takes place in the mucous lining of the sinuses, lungs, and throat. This infection is quite rare yet very dangerous. This fungus causes exotoxin which attacks the immune system and destroys it. A human being may be exposed to this infection following specific risks which are definitely avoidable.

How much does the Covid Test Charges in Pune?2022-12-07T05:44:42+00:00

Covid Test price in Pune varies from Rs.1000 to Rs.2000.

How to Diagnose Coronavirus Infection?2022-12-07T05:44:51+00:00

Diagnose coronavirus infection with our comprehensive and convenient diagnostic service. While symptoms of coronavirus may resemble those of other illnesses, its diagnosis is based on a variety of tests.

Can a doctor confirm if a person has a COVID-19 virus infection by physical examination?2022-12-07T05:47:10+00:00

No, doctors cannot tell if a person has Coronavirus by looking at them. The physical examination cannot confirm whether a patient is infected by a coronavirus. You need to be further tested Diagnostic Center.

How does the COVID-19 virus infection spread?2022-12-07T05:48:10+00:00

The virus spreads when you breathe in droplets from an infected person’s coughs or sneezes.

What are common symptoms of Covid-19?2022-12-07T05:48:19+00:00
  • fever,
  • dry cough,
  • tiredness,
  • difficulty breathing,
  • sore throat
What is Coronavirus?2022-12-07T05:48:31+00:00

Coronavirus is a type of virus. Coronavirus named Covid-19. Coronavirus spread through the air from one infected person to another.

What is the Cost of the Rapid Antigen Test in Pune?2022-12-07T05:49:06+00:00

Rapid Antigen Test cost is Rs. 250 at Sunrise Diagnostic Center & Pathology Lab, Pune

How Long Does It Take to Get Rapid Antigen Test Results?2022-12-07T05:49:16+00:00

The Rapid Antigen Test report will be available within 3 hours at the Sunrise Diagnostic Center.

What is the Rapid Antigen Test?2022-12-07T05:50:03+00:00

Rapid antigen tests (RATs) are laboratory tests that directly detect the presence or absence of an antigen. The rapid antigen test is a diagnostic test that determines if one has an active coronavirus infection. Various rapid antigen tests are used to diagnose infectious diseases, such as hepatitis and HIV.

What is the cost of an HRCT Chest Test in Pune?2022-10-27T06:25:08+00:00

HRCT Chest price is Rs. 2000 at Sunrise Diagnostics Center in Pune. For more details contact us now +91 9028801188

How long does the HRCT scan take?2022-12-07T05:50:16+00:00

The HRCT test will take about 40 to 60 minutes.

What is the HRCT Test?2022-12-07T05:54:31+00:00

The HRCT test also called a High-Resolution CT scan (HRCT), is the preferred test when seeking an early diagnosis of lung cancer. It allows them to see the tumor as well as possible.

What are the dangers of a cardiac stress test?2022-12-07T05:57:08+00:00

Are there any risks to the test? Stress tests are usually safe. Sometimes exercise or the medicine that increases your heart rate can cause symptoms such as chest pain, dizziness, or nausea. You will be monitored closely throAre there any risks to the test? Stress tests are usually safe. Sometimes exercise or the medicine that increases your heart rate can cause symptoms such as chest pain, dizziness, or nausea. You will be monitored closely throughout the test to reduce your risk of complications or to quickly treat any health problemsughout the test to reduce your risk of complications or to quickly treat any health problems

How long does a cardiac stress test usually take?2022-12-07T05:57:22+00:00

The test takes about one hour, including prep time and actual test time. The cardiac stress test itself only lasts around 15 minutes. During your test, you may walk on a treadmill or pedal a stationary bicycle.

What does a cardiac stress test show?2022-12-07T05:57:39+00:00

A stress test, also called an exercise stress test, shows how your heart works during physical activity. Because exercise makes your heart pump harder and faster, an exercise stress test can reveal problems with blood flow within your heart.

What should you not do before a pulmonary function test?2022-12-07T05:57:53+00:00

Pulmonary Function Tests: What to Expect

You may need to stop taking some before testing. Do not eat, smoke, or exercise 4-8 hours before testing. Wear loose-fitting clothing.

Does caffeine affect pulmonary function?2022-12-07T05:58:05+00:00

Caffeine can also affect the pulmonary function test by causing the airways to be more open than they would normally. Patients should avoid caffeine as well as smoking for several hours before their appointment.

Is a pulmonary function test painful?2022-12-07T05:58:20+00:00

These tests are not painful. They are performed by a pulmonary function technician, who will require you to use maximal effort to blow out and breathe in air. The tests are repeated several times to make sure the results are accurate.

How long does a full pulmonary function test take?2022-12-07T05:58:55+00:00

A complete pulmonary function test has three parts. You may be given the entire test or only certain parts. The entire test is painless and can last 45–90 minutes. If you get tired, you can take a break between test sections.

Why does ESR increase?2022-12-07T05:59:14+00:00

An increased ESR rate may be due to some infections, including: Bodywide (systemic) infection. Bone infections. Infection of the heart or heart valves.

What is normal ESR for age?2022-12-07T06:02:11+00:00

It rises with age and in anaemia. Calculation of predicted value: men – ESR given by age in years divided by 2. women – ESR given by age in (years+10) divided by 2.

Which factors affect ESR?2022-12-07T06:02:21+00:00

ESR varies greatly with age and sex, and corresponding reference values are proposed. Lifestyle factors (physical activity, smoking, and alcohol consumption) and common metabolic abnormalities (obesity and related metabolic syndrome) may also influence ESR values.

Why ESR is taken after 1 hour?2022-12-07T06:02:29+00:00

A lab specialist will measure the rate that your red blood cells settle toward the bottom of the tube after 1 hour. If you have a condition that causes inflammation or cell damage, your red blood cells tend to clump together. This makes them heavier, so they settle faster.

What should I do before ESR test?2022-12-07T06:02:52+00:00

There is no special test preparation required for an ESR test. Before the test, make sure to tell your doctor about any drugs or supplements that you take because some medications may affect your results.

How do I know if my ECG is normal?2022-12-07T06:03:04+00:00

Normal ECG. A normal ECG is illustrated above. Note that the heart is beating in a regular sinus rhythm between 60 – 100 beats per minute (specifically 82 bpm). All the important intervals on this recording are within normal ranges

Can ECG detect heart blockage?2022-12-07T06:03:23+00:00

A health care provider might use an electrocardiogram to determine or detect: Irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias) If blocked or narrowed arteries in the heart (coronary artery disease) are causing chest pain or a heart attack. Whether you have had a previous heart attack.

Can I drink water before ECG test?2022-12-07T06:03:34+00:00

There is no need to restrict food or drink before having an ECG test. Always let your doctor know what medications you are taking before you have an ECG, and if you have any allergies to adhesive tapes that may be used to attach electrodes.

What should I do before taking ECG test?2022-12-07T06:03:43+00:00

You don’t need to do anything special to prepare for the test. You can eat and drink as normal beforehand. Before the electrodes are attached, you’ll usually need to remove your upper clothing, and your chest may need to be shaved or cleaned.

Can I eat before a Doppler scan?2022-12-07T06:03:52+00:00

You may eat and drink normally before the Doppler test. How is a Doppler Ultrasound Scan performed? You will then be asked to lie quietly, as flat as you are able, for 15-20 minutes before the Doppler test

Why is Doppler effect important?2022-12-07T06:04:01+00:00

The Doppler effect is used in some types of radar, to measure the velocity of detected objects. A radar beam is fired at a moving target — e.g. a motor car, as police use radar to detect speeding motorists — as it approaches or recedes from the radar source.

What are normal Doppler results?2022-12-07T06:04:09+00:00

A normal result means the blood vessels show no signs of narrowing, clots, or closure, and the arteries have normal blood flow.

What are three types of Doppler displays?2022-12-07T06:04:19+00:00

There are three main types of Doppler systems: continuous wave, pulsed wave, and power Doppler.

Is fasting required for color Doppler?2022-12-07T06:04:27+00:00

For a Doppler ultrasound on your belly, your doctor may tell you to fast for 6 to 12 hours before the test. That means you won’t be able to eat or drink anything during that time. You’ll only be able to drink a small amount of water to take your regular medicines.

When do you need an RT-PCR Test?2022-12-07T06:06:00+00:00
  • If you have any symptoms of the COVID-19 like fever, cough, sore throat, difficulty breathing.
  • For traveling purposes, you have to need a confirmatory test.
What is RT- PCR Test?2022-12-07T06:06:08+00:00
  • RT PCR is a Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.
  • RT-PCR tests that can detect the COVID-19 virus in human cells.
How is COVID-19 diagnosed?2022-12-07T06:06:16+00:00

A laboratory RT PCR test can diagnosis the COVID-19.

What are common symptoms of Covid-19?2022-12-07T06:06:26+00:00
  • fever,
  • dry cough,
  • tiredness,
  • difficulty breathing,
  • sore throat
What is Coronavirus?2022-12-07T06:06:37+00:00

Coronavirus is a type of virus. Coronavirus named Covid-19. Coronavirus spread through the air from one infected person to another.

What is the difference between hemogram and hemoglobin?2022-12-07T06:06:45+00:00

Hemoglobin and hematocrit are both red blood cell measurements that are used to help diagnose nutritional deficiencies, acute illnesses, and chronic medical conditions. Hemoglobin is a protein in the red blood cells (RBCs), and hematocrit reflects the percentage of blood volume that is composed of red blood cells

How long does a full Haemogram test take?2022-12-07T06:06:58+00:00

The process usually takes 5 to 10 minutes. However, sometimes it may take more time to identify a vein. Factors such as dehydration, the experience of the phlebotomist, and the size of your veins can impact how quickly a blood draw can be done.

What are normal hemogram levels?2022-12-07T06:07:06+00:00

In general, the reference ranges are: White blood cells: 4,500 to 11,000 cells per microliter (cells/mcL) Red blood cells: 4.5 million to 5.9 million cells/mcL for men; 4.1 million to 5.1 million cells/mcL for women. Hemoglobin: 14 to 17.5 grams per deciliter (gm/dL) for men; 12.3 to 15.3 gm/dL for women.

Is fasting required for hemogram?2022-12-07T06:07:15+00:00

How you prepare. If your blood sample is being tested only for a complete blood count, you can eat and drink normally before the test. If your blood sample will be used for additional tests, you may need to fast for a certain amount of time before the test. Your doctor will give you specific instructions.

What is the purpose of Hemogram test?2022-12-07T06:08:27+00:00

This test is necessary in diagnosing anemia, hematological cancers, infections, acute hemorrhagic states, allergies, and immunodeficiencies. Also it is used for monitoring side effects of certain drugs. A pediatrician is frequently challenged for evaluating complete blood count as a part patient’s assessment.

What are the various types of echocardiogram tests?2022-12-07T06:08:51+00:00

Transthoracic echocardiogram, Transesophageal echocardiogram, Doppler ultrasound, Three-dimensional echocardiogram, Two-dimensional echocardiogram

How much time does the 2D Echo test take?2022-12-07T06:09:01+00:00

2D Echo test takes around half an hour to 1 hour to complete the test.

How much does 2d echo price in Pune?2022-12-07T06:09:10+00:00

2d echo test cost in Pune varies from Rs.1200 to Rs.2000

Why is the 2d Echo test done?2022-12-07T06:09:22+00:00

Echocardiography or 2D Echo is mostly performed to discover the following: Any underlying heart disease or abnormalities. Congenital heart disease and blood clots or tumors.

What is the difference between a Digital X-ray and a Normal X-ray?2022-12-07T06:09:30+00:00

Radiography with an X-ray is your starting place for diagnosing or screening a wide range of health problems, such as pneumonia. X-beam innovation is progressively effectively accessible to the clinical network because of its minimal effort. It’s non-intrusive, moderately harmless, and rapidly creates the pictures we should have the option to analyze issues effectively. Traditional X-rays have been around since the early 1900 s, using pictures to capture images of the body’s internal structures.

With the inclusion of computer technology, digital radiography has become a much more efficient, cost-efficient, and even safer means of creating diagnostic images.

What is X-Ray Cost in Pune?2022-12-07T06:09:42+00:00

The cost of an X-Ray varies it depends on the type of X-Ray you want to get. Visit us now for a Request for X-Ray prices.

Why are X-rays so important?2022-12-07T06:09:54+00:00

X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, like a light. X-rays are shorter than radio waves and longer than gamma rays. Because they can pass through both the human body and most types of solid objects they are useful in medical imaging. X-ray imagery is used to see inside objects with different levels of detail.

What is an X-Ray?2022-12-07T06:10:04+00:00

X-ray is a medical imaging technique that uses invisible electromagnetic or particle radiation to see inside the human body. The term X-ray refers to a kind of electromagnetic radiation that can pass through solid objects, most often used for medical imaging.

What are the advantages of CT scans?2022-12-07T06:15:14+00:00

Benefits of CT Scan are given below:

  1. CT Scan provides Quickly acquire images.
  2. Give clear and explicit data. 
  3. CT scanners provide information in seconds (sometimes in fractions of a second ) it will be depending on the examination.
Why you might need a CT scan?2022-12-07T06:15:25+00:00

CT scans can detect bone and joint problems, like complex bone fractures and tumors. If you have a condition like cancer, emphysema, heart disease, or liver masses, CT scans can spot it or assist specialists with seeing any changes. They show internal injuries and bleeding, such as those caused by a car accident.

How much does a CT scan cost in Pune?2022-12-07T06:16:19+00:00

Cost of a CT scan in Pune starting from Rs.2,500.

Why you might need a CT scan?2022-12-07T06:16:35+00:00

CT scans can detect bone and joint problems, like complex bone fractures and tumors. If you have a condition like cancer, emphysema, heart disease, or liver masses, CT scans can spot it or assist specialists with seeing any changes. They show internal injuries and bleeding, such as those caused by a car accident.

How much does a CT scan cost in Pune?2022-12-07T06:16:44+00:00

Cost of a CT scan in Pune starting from Rs.2,500.

How Long Does a CT Scan Take?2022-12-07T06:16:55+00:00

CT scan takes 10 to 15 minutes to complete. The time of the CT scan will depend on the part of the body that is scanned.

What is the different type of sonography?2022-12-07T06:17:12+00:00

Endoscopic sonography, Doppler sonography, Color Doppler, Duplex sonography, Triplex sonography, Transvaginal sonography.

Can Sunrise Diagnosis provide sonography services in Warje, Shivane, Sinhgad Road, Narhe?2022-12-07T06:17:22+00:00

Yes, Sunrise Diagnostic Center & Pathology Lab, in Pune provides sonography services in Kothrud, Karve Nagar, Shivane, Narhe, Hingane, Dhayari, Warje, Sinhagd Road, etc. Call us now at 9028801188

What will be the charges for Pregnancy sonography?2022-12-07T06:17:35+00:00

The price of Pregnancy sonography is not fixed. its depends on various factors. To get pregnancy sonography charges in Pune, Contact us on 9028801188.

Why do we need to drink water before the Sonography scan?2022-12-07T06:17:46+00:00

For some type of ultrasound like renal and pelvic, advises people to drink at least 2 to 4 glass of water before 30 minutes of the test. so that pelvic organs inside of pelvis can easily be seen on abdominal ultrasound.

Is sonography painful?2022-12-07T06:19:11+00:00

No. Most Sonography test is painless.

What is the use of Sonography?2022-12-07T06:19:19+00:00

Ultrasound imaging uses sound waves to produce pictures of the interior of the human body. It’s utilized to help diagnose the source of pain, swelling, and infection in the body’s internal organs and also to examine the child in pregnant females and the brain.

What is the sonography test?2022-12-07T06:19:36+00:00

Diagnostic ultrasound, also known as sonography, is an imaging system that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of structures inside your own body. The pictures can provide valuable info for treating and diagnosing a wide range of diseases and conditions.

Are there any risks to the test?2022-12-07T06:19:45+00:00

There is very little risk to having a blood test. You may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.

Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?2022-12-07T06:19:59+00:00

You don’t need any special preparations for a calcium blood test or a basic metabolic panel. If your health care provider has ordered more tests on your blood sample, you may need to fast (not eat or drink) for several hours before the test. Your health care provider will let you know if there are any special instructions to follow.

What happens during a calcium blood test?2022-12-07T06:20:10+00:00

A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

Why do I need a creatinine test?2022-12-07T06:20:20+00:00

You may need this test if you have symptoms of kidney disease. These include:

  • fatigue
  • Puffiness around the eyes
  • swelling in your feet and/or ankles
  • Decreased appetite
  • Frequent and painful urination
  • Urine that is foamy or bloody

You may also need this test if you have certain risk factors for kidney disease. You may be at higher risk for kidney disease if you have:

  • Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes
  • A family history of kidney disease
  • High Blood pressure
Q. Are there any risks to this test?2022-12-07T06:20:28+00:00

There is very little risk to having a blood test. There may be slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.

Q. What happens during a total protein and A/G ratio test?2022-12-07T06:20:38+00:00

A health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

Q. Why do I need a total protein and A/G ratio test?2022-12-07T06:20:48+00:00

You may get this test as part of a comprehensive metabolic panel, which is often included in a routine checkup. You may also need this test if you have symptoms that indicate abnormal protein levels. These include:

  • Swelling in the feet, ankles, legs, and/or abdomen, which is caused by extra fluid in your tissues
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice  (yellowing of the skin or eyes). This is a common symptom of liver disease.
  • Blood in the urine, a common symptom of kidney disease
Q. Are there any risks to the test?2022-12-07T06:20:57+00:00

There is very little risk to having a blood test. You may have slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.

There is no risk to having a urine test.

Q. Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?2022-12-07T06:21:07+00:00

You may be told to not eat cooked meat for 24 hours before your test. Studies have shown that cooked meat can temporarily raise creatinine levels.

What is a creatinine test?2022-12-07T06:21:16+00:00

This test measures creatinine levels in blood and/or urine. Creatinine is a waste product made by your muscles as part of regular, everyday activity. Normally, your kidneys filter creatinine from your blood and send it out of the body in your urine. If there is a problem with your kidneys, creatinine can build up in the blood and less will be released in urine. If blood and/or urine creatinine levels are not normal, it can be a sign of kidney deases.


Other names: blood creatinine, serum creatinine, urine creatinine

What are the possible side effects?2022-12-07T06:22:35+00:00

The TST is a simple and safe test and side effects are uncommon. The side effects are mainly related to the size of the reaction and include swelling, redness and itchiness that may take a few weeks to clear.Very strong reactions are uncommon but may result in a painful swelling of several centimetres in size, blistering or ulceration. This will heal with almost no scarring. The effects of the TST are localised to the site and more general reactions are extremely rare.

How long does skin stay red after TB test?2022-12-07T06:22:57+00:00

A positive reaction usually remains visible for about 1 week. A positive tuberculin skin test does not mean you have a contagious (active) infection. The test cannot tell if the infection is active or inactive (latent TB). It also cannot tell the difference between a TB infection and a TB vaccination (BCG vaccination).

What does a positive Tuberculous Skin Test mean?2022-10-22T04:34:03+00:00

A positive TST result indicates that an individual may have latent TB infection. People with latent TB infection are not contagious and cannot spread TB infection to others. The purpose of TST among health care students and employees is to ensure that individuals receive appropriate testing and treatment for TB disease, and individuals who are exposed to a patient with infectious TB receive the correct follow-up testing for TB.

What are common bleeding disorders?2022-12-07T06:23:05+00:00

The three most common are hemophilia A (Factor VIII deficiency), hemophilia B (Factor IX deficiency) and von Willebrand disease.

What is normal BT and CT time?2022-12-07T06:23:18+00:00

The normal bleeding time is between 2-7 minutes. The normal clotting time in a person is between 8-15 minutes. By understanding the time taken for blood to clot, it can be determined if the person has haemophilia or von Willibrand’s disease.

Why is bleeding time less than clotting?2022-12-07T06:23:28+00:00

Bleeding time (BT) depends on various factors such as functions of platelets and endothelial cells of arteries and pathways of coagulation. Clotting time (CT) is increased due to the absence or abnormality of clotting factors.

What is the normal range of BT?2022-12-07T06:23:36+00:00

The normal BT values run in the range of 2-9 minutes. The risk of bleeding increases with BT values more than 10 minutes. In this study all incisions were made by a lancet and standard filter papers were selected to draw off the blood.

What is the purpose of the bleeding time test?2022-12-07T06:23:45+00:00

Bleeding time is a medical test that measures how fast small blood vessels in the skin stop bleeding. The bleeding time test is used to evaluate how well a person’s blood is clotting. The test evaluates how long it takes the vessels cut to constrict and how long it takes for platelets in the blood to seal off the hole.

What are the precautions for bleeding time test?2022-12-07T06:23:54+00:00

Precautions for bleeding time (BT)
This test should be avoided in a patient with a low platelet count. A patient with aspirin may have a false positive (raised value). Avoid in patients with keloid formation or senile skin changes. Avoid in patients who have undergone mastectomy or axillary lymph node dissection.

What happens if LDH is low?2022-12-07T06:24:16+00:00

People with lactate dehydrogenase-A deficiency experience fatigue, muscle pain, and cramps during exercise (exercise intolerance). In some people with lactate dehydrogenase-A deficiency, high-intensity exercise or other strenuous activity leads to the breakdown of muscle tissue (rhabdomyolysis).

What is the use of LDH test?2022-12-07T06:24:29+00:00

LDH is found in many of the body’s tissues and organs, including the muscles, liver, heart, pancreas, kidneys, brain and blood cells. The LDH test is mainly used to help identify the location and severity of tissue damage in the body. It’s also sometimes used to monitor how far certain conditions have progressed.

Can diabetes cause high LDH?2022-12-07T06:24:38+00:00

The reference range of LDH is between 140-280 U/L. This means that diabetes has adverse effects through increasing the levels of LDH. This is in agreement with other studies that reported higher levels of LDH in diabetic patients compared with control group (10).

What is LDH normal range?2022-12-07T06:24:49+00:00

Normal Results

Normal value range is 105 to 333 international units per liter (IU/L). Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples.

How quickly can LDH levels change?2022-12-07T06:25:45+00:00

It increases at 12 hours and peaks at 24-48 hours. A very high level thus indicates acute myocardial infarction. Greater than a 50 times increase in LDH-1 and LDH-2 indicates megaloblastic anemia.

What happens when LDH increases?2022-12-07T06:25:57+00:00

High LDH levels

High levels of LDH indicate some form of tissue damage. High levels of more than one isoenzyme may indicate more than one cause of tissue damage. For example, a patient with pneumonia could also have a heart attack. Extremely high levels of LDH could indicate severe disease or multiple organ failure.

Do I need to fast for LDH blood test?2022-12-07T06:26:07+00:00

You don’t need any special preparations for an LDH blood test.

What can cause INR to increase?2022-12-07T06:26:18+00:00

• Too much anticoagulant medicine, a type of blood thinner that helps prevent clots.
• Other medicines, such as aspirin, NSAIDs, and some antibiotics, when you also are using anticoagulants.
• Health conditions, such as liver failure or bleeding disorders

Does diet affect INR levels?2022-12-07T06:26:25+00:00

Certain foods and dietary supplements have vitamin K. Vitamin K works against warfarin. If you eat more vitamin K, it can lower your INR. If you eat less vitamin K, it can raise your INR.

What is the treatment for high INR?2022-12-07T06:26:37+00:00

Increase or decrease oral Vitamin K administration based on the clinical situation. Parenteral Vitamin K should only be used for life-threatening bleeding and is therefore not appropriate for outpatient use.

What is the danger level for INR?2022-12-07T06:26:47+00:00

INR levels above 4.9 are considered critical values and increase the risk of bleeding.

Do you need to fast for PT INR blood test?2022-12-07T06:27:53+00:00

No special preparation is needed.

What may affect PT INR test results?2022-12-07T06:28:11+00:00

Illness, change in diet, and some medications (as mentioned above) can alter PT/INR results. Certain foods, such as beef and pork liver, green tea, broccoli, chickpeas, kale, turnip greens, and soybean products contain large amounts of vitamin K and can alter PT/INR results.

What is a normal aPTT?2022-12-07T06:28:21+00:00

A normal range is around 21 to 35 seconds. But test results will vary depending on equipment and methods used. So standard normal results will differ in each lab. If your aPTT takes longer than normal, it may mean several things.

What factors might affect the result of aPTT?2022-12-07T06:28:42+00:00

Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is a blood test that looks at how long it takes for blood to clot. It can help tell if you have a bleeding problem or if your blood does not clot properly. A related blood test is prothrombin time (PT) .

What causes a PTT to be elevated?2022-12-07T06:28:50+00:00

A longer-than-normal PTT or APTT can be caused by liver disease, kidney disease (such as nephrotic syndrome), or treatment with blood thinners. A longer-than-normal PTT may be caused by conditions such as antiphospholipid antibody syndrome or lupus anticoagulant syndrome.

Do I need to fast for PTT test?2022-12-07T06:29:03+00:00

You will not need to fast before a PT. You’ll need to have your blood drawn for a PT test. This is an outpatient procedure usually performed at a diagnostic lab. It takes only a few minutes and causes little to no pain.

What are the 3 rarest blood types?2022-12-07T06:29:14+00:00

The rarest blood types are: B negative(B -ve), which is found in 1.5 percent of the total population. AB negative(AB -ve), which is found in 0.6 percent of the total population. AB positive(AB +ve), which is found in 3.4 percent of the total population.

What is the golden blood type?2022-12-07T06:29:23+00:00

One of the world’s rarest blood types is one named Rh-null. This blood type is distinct from Rh negative since it has none of the Rh antigens at all. There are less than 50 people who have this blood type. It is sometimes called “golden blood.

Which blood group is hardest to get?2022-12-07T06:29:32+00:00

What’s the rarest blood type? AB negative is the rarest of the eight main blood types – just 1% of our donors have it. Despite being rare, demand for AB negative blood is low and we don’t struggle to find donors with AB negative blood.

When can you not donate blood?2022-12-07T06:29:59+00:00

You cannot donate blood if you:
Are HIV positive Are a Hepatitis B or C carrier Have received money or drugs for sex Have taken injections with drugs, body-building drugs or injectable tanning agents

Why is blood group O negative considered the universal donor?2022-12-07T06:30:08+00:00

A person having O negative blood group lacks all the antigens and hence has antibodies against A and B antigens in their plasma. Hence they can donate blood to people with any blood group.

What foods can affect a blood test?2022-12-07T06:30:58+00:00

Caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco are all examples of substances that could affect lab test results, depending on the amount consumed and the type of test. Caffeinated beverages such as coffee and black tea are considered diuretics, and can affect the speed of digestion.

When is blood sugar the highest?2022-12-07T06:31:08+00:00

The highest peak blood sugar levels generally occur 1 hour after a meal if carbs were eaten. At 2 hours, protein begins to break down into blood sugar so one may begin to see some food effect. Test both before and after your snack and see what differences in readings you may notice.

What should you not do before a blood test? Preparing for a blood test2022-12-07T06:31:17+00:00

avoid eating or drinking anything (fasting) apart from water, for up to 12 hours – read more about eating and drinking before having a blood test. Stop taking certain medicines.

What are 10 warning signs of diabetes?2022-12-07T06:31:34+00:00

Some of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are:
• Feeling more thirsty than usual.
• Urinating often.
• Losing weight without trying.
• Presence of ketones in the urine. …
• Feeling tired and weak.
• Feeling irritable or having other mood changes.
• Having blurry vision.
• Having slow-healing sores.

How many times we should check sugar level?2022-12-07T06:31:43+00:00

Your health care provider may recommend blood sugar testing 4 to 10 times a day if you have type 1 diabetes. You may need to test: Before meals and snacks. Before and after exercise.

What if I Test Positive for HIV?2022-12-07T06:31:53+00:00

Prompt, early medical treatment and a healthy lifestyle can help you stay well. We have more and better treatments today, and people are living longer and with a better quality of life than ever before. In fact, depending on what else is going on with their health, HIV-infected persons who get on and stay on their medicines can expect to live almost as long as people who don’t have HIV.
You’ll need to keep your doctor’s appointments, take your HIV medicines exactly as directed, and take steps so others don’t get the virus from you.

How long till HIV test is positive?2022-12-07T06:32:03+00:00

Most rapid tests and self-tests are antibody tests. A rapid antigen/antibody test done with blood from a finger stick can usually detect HIV 18 to 90 days after exposure. An antigen/antibody lab test using blood from a vein can usually detect HIV 18 to 45 days after exposure.

Can anything affect HIV test results?2022-12-07T06:33:54+00:00

HIV antibody tests, confirmed by the second test, are not affected by other circumstances. This includes infections, medications, most vaccinations, putting on weight, eating or drinking anything before the test, use of alcohol or recreational drugs, mouthwash or time of day.

What food is good for eosinophils?2022-12-07T06:34:04+00:00

• Coconut, hemp, oat, almond, or rice milk.
• Dairy-free yogurts.
• Dairy-free cheeses.
• Coconut or cashew ice cream.
• Hemp products.
• Coconut milk products.

How do you control absolute eosinophil count?2022-12-07T06:34:17+00:00

Glucocorticoids are the most effective current therapy used to reduce eosinophil numbers in the blood and tissue (Table 1), but the pleiotropic effects of corticosteroids can result in potentially harmful side effects and limit their therapeutic use.

Is AEC test done empty stomach?2022-12-07T06:34:25+00:00

This test, unlike other common blood tests, does not require fasting. No other special preparation is required. It is advisable for the test taker to inform their doctor or test provider about any medical conditions or allergies otherwise existing.

What are the symptoms of eosinophils?2022-12-07T06:34:34+00:00

• Difficulty swallowing, also called dysphagia.
• Food getting stuck in the esophagus after swallowing, also known as impaction.
• Chest pain that is often centrally located and does not respond to antacids.
• Backflow of undigested food, known as regurgitation

What happens when AEC increases?2022-12-07T06:34:44+00:00

If the levels are elevated, it means that the body is sending a lot more white blood cells than needed to fight off any sort of infections. The eosinophil count is generally a test that is able to measure the number of eosinophils in the body.

What to Expect During Ferritin Test?2022-12-07T06:34:54+00:00

Ferritin test requires a blood sample. A tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is then asked to make a fist. This helps in the build-up of blood filling the veins. The skin is disinfected before needle insertion and the blood sample is collected in vacutainer.

Can I eat before a blood test ferritin?2022-12-07T06:36:03+00:00

The healthcare professional arranging your test will tell you if you need to do anything to prepare for it. You can eat and drink as normal before some blood tests. But if you’re having a “fasting blood test”, you will be told not to eat or drink anything (other than water) beforehand.

What does Ferritin Test Measure?2022-12-07T06:36:12+00:00

Ferritin Test measures serum ferritin levels in the body.

Why is Ferritin Test Done?2022-12-07T06:36:22+00:00

Ferritin Test is recommended if one has symptoms of disease occurring from low/ high iron levels.
Symptoms of low iron levels: Pale skin, Fatigue, Weakness, Dizziness, shortness of breath, Rapid heart beat
Symptoms of high iron levels: joint pain, abdominal pain, lack of energy, weight loss.
Serum ferritin concentrations may serve as a tool to monitor the effects of iron therapy

What affects ferritin blood test?2022-12-07T06:36:33+00:00

Other factors, such as diet and inflammatory health conditions, can affect your ferritin levels. There could’ve also been an error in the collection, transport or processing of the test. If you have an abnormal result, your healthcare provider will discuss your results with you.

What symptoms does low ferritin cause?2022-12-07T06:37:05+00:00

• Extreme fatigue.
• Weakness.
• Pale skin.
• Chest pain, fast heartbeat or shortness of breath.
• Headache, dizziness or lightheadedness.
• Cold hands and feet.
• Inflammation or soreness of your tongue.
• Brittle nails.

Why does CRP increase?2022-12-07T06:37:14+00:00

The level of C-reactive protein (CRP) increases when there’s inflammation in your body. A simple blood test can be done to check your C-reactive protein level. A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) test is more sensitive than a standard CRP test.

How long does it take for CRP to return to normal?2022-12-07T06:37:35+00:00

CRP shows a rapid response to infection and inflammation, increasing within hours of stimulus and returning rapidly to normal following resolution. Typically CRP begins to rise within 4-6 hours of stimulus, peaks within 36–50 hours, and returns to normal 3–7 days following resolution.

What time of day is CRP high?2022-12-07T06:37:45+00:00

However, that study was limited in that hs-CRP was measured between 9 AM and 10 PM. In our study, we measured hs-CRP 4 times over 24 hours at 6-hour intervals, and we observed the highest levels of hs-CRP in the morning, with a variation of 86%.

What can affect a CRP test?2022-12-07T06:37:53+00:00

A number of things may cause your CRP levels to be slightly higher than normal. These include obesity, lack of exercise, cigarette smoking, and diabetes. Certain medicines can cause your CRP levels to be lower than normal. These include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin, and steroids.

What should I do before my CRP test?2022-12-07T06:44:47+00:00

Your healthcare provider will let you know what you need to do to prepare for a CRP test, but in most cases, you won’t need to do anything special to prepare for it (such as fasting before the test).

What is pH in urinalysis?2022-12-07T06:44:57+00:00

Normal Results

The normal values range from pH 4.6 to 8.0. The examples above are common measurements for results of these tests. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples

How accurate are urinalysis?2022-12-07T06:45:06+00:00

Dipstick urine analysis is a quick and inexpensive test however sensitivity (and therefore negative predictive value) were found to be as low as 75%.

What can affect urinalysis?2022-12-07T06:45:16+00:00

The results of urine tests can be affected by diet, dehydration, medicines, exercise, and other factors. Sometimes, you will be asked to come back and give another sample. Many people are familiar with pregnancy tests that use urine to detect a substance that only pregnant women produce.

What is the purpose of urinalysis?2022-12-07T06:45:26+00:00

A urinalysis is a simple test that looks at a small sample of your urine. It can help find problems that need treatment, including infections or kidney problems. It can also help find serious diseases in the early stages, like kidney disease, diabetes, or liver disease.

What should you not do before a urinalysis?2022-12-07T06:45:36+00:00

Before the test, don’t eat foods that can change the colour of your urine. Examples of these include blackberries, beets, and rhubarb. Don’t do heavy exercise before the test. Tell your doctor ALL the medicines and natural health products you take.

Do you need to fast for stool test?2022-12-07T06:45:45+00:00

Although many stool tests do not require dietary restrictions, you might need to fast for some of them. People with watery diarrhea may have stool electrolyte and osmolality tests, which are generally not affected by specific foods but sometimes require fasting.

How many types of stool tests are there?2022-12-07T06:45:55+00:00

There are two main types of stool tests to choose from. A fecal occult blood test (FOBT) detects the presence of blood in your feces. The second type, a stool DNA test, detects the presence of genetic material from polyps and cancerous tumors.

What should you avoid with a stool sample?2022-12-07T06:46:04+00:00

Here’s how to do the test right: Watch what you eat. Two days before and the day of the fecal occult blood test, cut out all red meat, beets, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, cauliflower, cucumbers, grapefruit, horseradish, mushrooms, radishes, and turnips, which can all trigger false alarms.

How long is stool good for testing?2022-12-07T06:46:22+00:00

Stool samples are typically stable up to 14 days after collection. To make sure your sample arrives in time to be tested, please register and return your sample to the lab promptly after specimen collection.

What should you not do before a stool test?2022-12-07T06:46:30+00:00

For about three days before the test, your doctor may ask you to avoid:
• Certain fruits and vegetables, including broccoli and turnips.
• Red meat.
• Vitamin C supplements.
• Pain relievers, such as aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others)

How do you collect activated clotting time?2022-10-21T11:32:25+00:00

ACT stands for activated clotting time. It is a clotting test that may be performed in the interventional suite and is commonly used to monitor the effect of heparin. A small sample of whole blood is placed in the testing machine, and a result is available in less than 5 minutes.

What happens if clotting time is less?2022-12-07T06:46:40+00:00

The average time range for blood to clot is about 10 to 13 seconds. A number higher than that range means it takes blood longer than usual to clot. A number lower than that range means blood clots more quickly than normal.

What are the requirements for accurate clotting time?2022-12-07T06:46:48+00:00

The normal range of clotting times is 2-8 minutes. For the measurement of clotting time by the test tube method, blood is placed in a glass test tube and kept at 37° C. The required time for the blood to clot is measured.

What are precautions given to patients prior to having a bleeding time test?2022-12-07T06:46:56+00:00

This test should be avoided in a patient with a low platelet count. A patient with aspirin may have a false positive (raised value). Avoid in patients with keloid formation or senile skin changes. Avoid in patients who have undergone mastectomy or axillary lymph node dissection.

What are the factors affecting clotting time?2022-12-07T06:47:52+00:00

In the extrinsic pathway, factors VII and III are also known as stabilizing factor and tissue factor, respectively. The common pathway factors X, V, II, I, and XIII are also known as Stuart-Prower factor, proaccelerin, prothrombin, fibrinogen, and fibrin-stabilizing factor respectively.

Which test is most accurate for renal function?2022-12-07T06:48:04+00:00

A 24-hour urine test shows how much urine your kidneys produce, can give an more accurate measurement of how well your kidney are working and how much protein leaks from the kidney into the urine in one day. Urinalysis: Includes microscopic examination of a urine sample as well as a dipstick test.

Can a kidney function test be wrong?2022-12-07T06:48:14+00:00

Unfortunately, the initial creatinine tests can lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment.” Misdiagnoses appear to be common, according to the researchers’ review of the electronic health records of 3.8 million emergency and intensive care patients.

What is included in RFT test?2022-12-07T06:48:23+00:00

Blood urea nitrogen, Serum urea , Serum creatinine, Serum sodium, Serum potassium, and Serum uric acid are some of the parameters that the Kidney Function Test determines.

What vitamins are good for kidneys?2022-12-07T06:48:32+00:00

CKD patients have greater requirements for some water soluble vitamins. Special renal vitamins are usually prescribed to kidney patients to provide the extra water soluble vitamins needed. Renal vitamins contain vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin and a small dose of vitamin C.

Why renal function test is done?2022-12-07T06:50:46+00:00

Kidney function tests check how well your kidneys are working. Healthy kidneys assist with removing waste from your body. Conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure can affect your kidney function. You may also need a kidney function test to diagnose or rule out an infection.

What are the 3 signs of a fatty liver?2022-12-07T06:50:55+00:00

• Abdominal swelling (ascites)
• Enlarged blood vessels just beneath the skin’s surface.
• Enlarged spleen.
• Red palms.
• Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

Can stress affect your liver?2022-12-07T06:51:05+00:00

Experimental studies and clinical observations have shown that stress can damage hepatic tissue both directly and indirectly. Many studies have partially revealed the contributors of stress‐induced liver injury; however, the whole process has not yet been uncovered.

What do liver function tests show?2022-12-07T06:51:16+00:00

Liver function tests can be used to: Screen for liver infections, such as hepatitis. Monitor the progression of a disease, such as viral or alcoholic hepatitis, and determine how well a treatment is working. Measure the severity of a disease, particularly scarring of the liver (cirrhosis).

What can affect liver function test results?2022-12-07T06:51:26+00:00

Your liver function tests can be abnormal because: Your liver is inflamed (for example, by infection, toxic substances like alcohol and some medicines, or by an immune condition). Your liver cells have been damaged (for example, by toxic substances, such as alcohol, paracetamol, poisons)

Is Liver Function Test for You?2022-12-07T06:59:14+00:00

The most common Liver Function tests are Bilirubin, Albumin, ALT and AST. The doctor will order this test for you if he suspects that you may be suffering from a condition that is affecting your liver. A dark coloured urine or light-coloured stools may indicate damage to the liver cells. If you are suffering from Jaundice, the liver is closely monitored. Nausea, Vomiting, diarrhoea may also warrant a liver function test.

What Does Glycated Haemoglobin Test Measure?2022-12-07T06:59:23+00:00

Glycated Haemoglobin Test measures the average blood glucose levels in last three months.

What if Results are Present/ Absent?2022-12-07T06:59:33+00:00

High HbA1C level are seen in prediabetes and diabetes. In a patient with pre-existing diabetes it shows effectiveness of treatment and diet control. HbA1c levels below 7% are considered excellent and above 8% are considered as unsatisfactory control.

What are the Normal Levels?2022-12-07T06:59:42+00:00

HbA1c results are given in percentages.
Normal: HbA1c below 5.7%
Prediabetes: HbA1c between 5.7% and 6.4%
Diabetes: HbA1c of 6.5% or higher

Which time is best for HbA1c test?2022-12-07T06:59:50+00:00

HbA1c is a simple blood test that does not require any fasting or other special preparation beforehand, and can be done at any time of the day. This is compared with other tests that can be used in the diagnosis of diabetes.

Should you fast before a hemoglobin A1C test?2022-12-07T06:59:59+00:00

The A1C test is a simple blood test. You don’t need to fast for the A1C test, so you can eat and drink normally before the test.

What if Results are Present or Absent?2022-12-07T07:00:07+00:00

Maintaining lipid levels within the desirable ranges helps lower risk of heart attacks and stoke.
Low HDL levels (below acceptable levels) are associated with increased risk for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) .
High levels of Non HDL Cholesterol (above acceptable levels) are associated with increased risk for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular disease (ASCVD).

What to Expect During Lipid Profile Test?2022-12-07T07:00:17+00:00

Lipid profile test requires a blood sample. A tourniquet (elastic) band is placed tightly on the upper arm. The patient is then asked to make a fist. This helps in the build-up of blood filling the veins. The skin is disinfected before needle insertion and the blood sample is collected in vacutainer.

What Does Lipid profile Test Measure?2022-12-07T07:00:49+00:00

Lipid profile test measures total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, VLDL, LDL:Cholesterol ratio, HDL: Cholesterol ratio

What affects lipid profile test?2022-12-07T07:00:58+00:00

Being sick or under stress, and taking certain medicines can affect your results. What you eat, how often you exercise, and whether you smoke can also affect your lipid profile.

Do I need to fast for a lipid panel?2022-12-07T07:01:41+00:00

In most cases, you need to fast for 10 to12 hours before your lipid panel blood test. Fasting means not eating or drinking anything except water. In some cases, getting a lipid panel test without fasting is possible.

Why is Lipid Profile Test Done?2022-12-07T07:01:51+00:00

Lipid profile test measures lipid in the blood to assess patients risk to an cardiovascular event. As per NLA-2014 guidelines, all adults above the age of 20 years should be screened for lipid status. Selective screening of children above the age of 2 years with a family history of premature cardiovascular disease or those with at least one parent with high total cholesterol is recommended.

Can stress cause elevated D-dimer?2022-12-07T07:02:05+00:00

Mental stress elicited a hypercoagulable state as evidenced by increases in TAT and D-dimer, and by a decrease in t-PA.

How much time does D-dimer test take?2022-12-07T07:02:24+00:00

This usually takes less than five minutes.

What happens if you have a positive D-dimer test?2022-12-07T07:02:42+00:00

A D-dimer test is a blood test that checks for, or monitors, blood-clotting problems. A positive test means the D-dimer level in the body is higher than normal and suggests someone might have blood clots.

What can elevate D-dimer?2022-12-07T07:03:19+00:00

Additionally, D-dimer levels may be elevated in the setting of pregnancy, inflammation, malignancy, trauma, postsurgical treatment, liver disease (decreased clearance), and heart disease. It is also frequently high in hospitalized patients.

Is fasting required for D-dimer blood test?2022-12-07T07:03:37+00:00

There are no outrageous requirements or special preparations that must be taken for the D-Dimer blood test. And, there is no need to fast before the test. Medicines, vitamins, and other supplements may be taken as usual.

How much does the test cost?2022-12-07T07:03:50+00:00

The cost of vitamin B12 testing may vary depending upon factors such as where the test is performed and whether you have health care coverage.

Insurance will usually cover the cost of vitamin B12 testing if your health care provider orders it to diagnose or monitor a medical condition. You can check with your doctor or nurse, the lab, or your health insurance company to learn more about what, if any, testing costs you are responsible for.

How to get tested?2022-12-07T07:03:58+00:00

Vitamin B12 testing is most often performed at the doctor’s office or another medical setting like a laboratory or hospital. Vitamin B12 tests are normally prescribed by a doctor but may be available without a doctor’s orders at a walk-in lab or through an at-home test kit.

When should you get a Vitamin B12 test?2022-12-07T07:04:22+00:00

Vitamin B12 testing is usually performed when you have symptoms of a vitamin B12 deficiency, such as anemia or nervous system problems. Some people are at a greater risk of having a vitamin B12 deficiency due to their age or preexisting health conditions and may undergo regular vitamin B12 testing to check whether their B12 levels are normal.

The following information describes several circumstances in which vitamin B12 testing may be recommended by a doctor.

What does the test measure?2022-12-07T07:04:08+00:00

Vitamin B12 is a nutrient that is important for many aspects of human health. Adequate levels of vitamin B12 are needed for your body to maintain a healthy nervous system, make red blood cells, and create DNA, the genetic material present in all of our cells.

Vitamin B12 occurs naturally in animal proteins, such as red meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy. Other foods, like breakfast cereals, nutritional yeast, and some plant milks, may be fortified with vitamin B12. This vitamin is also available as a supplement and as a prescription medication.

In food, vitamin B12 is bound to protein. In order for your body to absorb it, the vitamin must be released from the protein. As your body digests food, enzymes in your digestive tract separate vitamin B12 from these proteins. The freed vitamin B12 then combines with a protein made by your body called intrinsic factor, which is secreted by cells in the stomach. Together, vitamin B12 and intrinsic factor are absorbed in the lower end of the small intestine.

What happens if you take vitamin D on an empty stomach?2022-12-07T07:04:54+00:00

A study found that 32% more Vitamin D3 is absorbed by the body when it is taken with a meal. It is also important to note that taking any kind of supplement (not just fat-soluble ones) on an empty stomach causes some people gastrointestinal distress, including nausea or vomiting.

What if Results are Present/ Absent?2022-12-07T07:05:05+00:00

Low levels of Vitamin D are associated with osteoporosis, bone weakness and increased chance of fractures. Severe deficiency can lead to Rickets and osteocalcin.
Very high levels are associated with nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, constipation, weakness

What to Expect During Vitamin D Blood Test?2022-12-07T07:05:14+00:00

During a vitamin d blood test, a health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.
Low vitamin D levels can help diagnose a case of secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Often Vitamin D levels are tested along with serum calcium, phosphorous, parathyroid hormone.
For patients with renal diseases 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D should be tested.

What Does Vitamin D Blood Test Measure?2022-12-07T07:05:22+00:00

Vitamin d blood test measures level of 25 hydroxy vitamin D total.

Why is Vitamin D Blood Test Done?2022-12-07T07:05:32+00:00

Vitamin d blood test is done to measure Vitamin D levels in body.
Testing is required to diagnose rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults which presents as bone deformity and increase risk of fracture. Levels are also estimated to monitor vitamin D replacement therapy.

Does low hemoglobin affect sleep?2022-12-07T07:05:51+00:00

In the present study, logistic regression analysis showed that anemia affected sleep quality irrespective of the psychological symptoms.

What if Results are Present/ Absent?2022-12-07T07:06:02+00:00

Low level of hemolglobin is seen in iron deficiency, vitamin B-12 deficiency, folate deficiency, bleeding, cancers, kidney disease and various hemoglobinopathies.
High level of hemoglobin is seen in polycythemia, dehydration, heavy smoking, extreme physical exercise, living at high altitude.

What causes hemoglobin to drop?2022-12-07T07:06:13+00:00

You’re losing blood from injury or illness. You lose iron anytime you lose blood. Sometimes, women have low hemoglobin levels when they have their periods. You may also lose blood if you have internal bleeding, such as a bleeding ulcer.

What Does Hemoglobin Test Measure?2022-12-07T07:06:23+00:00

Hemoglobin test measures hemoglobin in the blood sample.

What is the purpose of hemoglobin test?2022-12-07T07:06:43+00:00

The hemoglobin test is often used to check for anemia, usually along with a hematocrit or as part of a complete blood count (CBC). The test may be used to screen for, diagnose, or monitor a number of conditions and diseases that affect red blood cells (RBCs) and/or the amount of hemoglobin in blood.

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