Urinalysis or urine routine is one of the most common tests that assesses various health aspects with a urine sample. Sometimes your doctor will feel a need to monitor your health conditions. Quite often women suffer from urinary tract infections (UTI) in such cases too your doctor will advise a urine routine test.

Considering that health is a top priority for most of us, we all would like to choose a diagnostic center that is manned with experts. In metropolitan cities there are many choices available. And if in case you are searching for the best diagnostic center in Pune, you can rely on Sunrise Diagnostic. It not only has experts to arrive at accurate analysis but also a staff that will guide and make you feel comfortable.

What is a urine routine?

A urine routine test examines the following:

  • Visual aspects
  • Chemical aspects
  • Microscopic aspects

It can detect and measure various compounds passing through your urine.

3 parts of urine analysis:

  • Visual exam: Urine is examined for color and clearness. Blood might make urine look red or like tea or cola.
    Infection makes it look cloudy. While foamy urine is a sign of kidney problems.
  • Microscopic exam:
    A small amount of routine is examined under a microscope to check if the urine has something not so normal that cannot be seen by naked eye. This includes red blood cells, pus cells, crystals or bacteria. Crystals are formed due to the chemicals in the urine that eventually become big, taking the form of kidney stones.
  • Dipstick test:

What is dipstick?

It is a thin, plastic stick with chemical strips on it. This strip is dipped in the urine. The color will change if a substance is at normal level.

What does dipstick examine?

Acidity (pH):

It is a measure of the amount of acid in the urine. Above normal pH can be a sign of kidney stones, kidney problems, urinary infections and other disorders.


Protein is a vital building block of your body and is present in our blood. But it should not be present in your urine.

Your kidneys play an important role in this process.

What is the function of your kidney?

It removes waste products and extra water from your blood to leave things that your body requires like protein.

In injured kidneys, protein leaks into your urine. When protein is present in the urine, it suggests that kidney isn’t properly filtering and are damaged by kidney diseases.


It’s a sign of diabetes.


It is a sign of kidney problem, infection or certain medicines or excessive exercises. Blood in the urine requires further testing. But it doesn’t always indicate serious medical issue.

White blood cells:

Signs of infection.


It is a waste product from breaking down of old red blood cells. Its presence in the urine signifies liver disease.

Why do I need urinalysis or urine routine?

Urine routine lets your doctor assess different aspects of your health. Your doctor can ask you to get a urine test done to monitor the following health conditions:

  • It is part of the routine health checkup to check early signs of certain health conditions.
  • If you show signs of certain health conditions like diabetes, liver or kidney disease.
  • To detect or diagnose urinary tract infection.
  • There is a need to monitor certain health conditions for which you are receiving treatment.
  • It’s a preparatory checkup before a surgery.
  • When you are admitted to the hospital.

Just in case you are consulting a doctor in Pune and have been advised a urine routine. We suggest you visit Sunrise Diagnostic, a diagnostic center in Kothrud, Pune. Apart from having a team of expert pathologists, it guarantees accurate results.

Let’s now move ahead and understand a few more aspects of urine routine test.

What’s the difference between urinalysis and a urine culture?

Urine culture shows the growing bacteria from urine sample in a lab to diagnose or know more about Urinary Tract Infection or any other infections. It is not part of urine routine test. When a urine routine indicates UTI, your doctor may call for a urine culture to run off the urine sample you provided for the original urine routine test. Urine culture determines the type of bacteria causing the UTI.

How to prepare for a urine routine test?

Prior to your urine test, ensure that you drink enough water to be able to urinate and produce enough urine sample.

Sometimes your doctor would want the urine sample of the first time you urinate in the morning. It depends of the reason why the urine routine was advised. Your doctor will surely inform you in this case.

Certain medicines can change the color of your urine. The doctor might advise you to stop taking particular medicines responsible for impacting the urine routine results. Only stop medications if your doctor advices to do so.

While menstruating its vital to inform the healthcare provider while collecting the urine sample. Menstrual blood and vaginal discharge can interfere with particular urine routine test results.

Urine Routine Test:

Most of the times urine routine test is conducted at a diagnostic center using the “clean catch” method. This helps to prevent contamination of your urine sample with cells present in your genitals. Urine sample can be collected by using a catheter.

During a clean catch method, you will be handed over a specimen cup, sterile wipes and specific instructions to collect your urine sample. After you collect the urine sample you will be guided where to keep it. Wash your hands with soap and water before collecting the urine sample.

Urine routine is also a part of full body health checkup. Sunrise Diagnostic based in Kothrud, Pune has the best health checkup packages in Pune. Connect with us to know more about various services. Caring is at the core of our work.


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